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Research and collision investigations show that seatbelts increase the chances of survival in a collision by 50%. Proper use of a child safety seat or booster seat can reduce the likelihood of your child being injured or killed in a crash by up to 75% (Alberta Transportation).

Occupant Restraints 

Facts To Know

  • Always use a seatbelt or child safety seat when driving or riding in a motor vehicle; it’s the law in Alberta.
  • Seatbelts save about 1000 lives per year in Canada.
  • In 2016, 53 people who died and 375 people who sustained injuries were not properly restrained at the time of their collision (Alberta Transportation).
  • The current fine for not using a seatbelt or child safety seat is $155.


  • Properly used seatbelts can reduce fatal and serious injury by 45-65% depending on the type of vehicle and seating position.
  • It is the driver’s responsibility to ensure that all passengers under the age of 16 are properly buckled up. Drivers may be fined for each unrestrained passenger under the age of 16.
  • The seatbelt should be positioned securely across the hip bones, across the centre of your chest and across the shoulder. Never put the shoulder belt under your arm or behind your back; in a collision this could cause fatal injuries.

Child Safety Seats

  • A child is safest in their car seat until the maximum weight or height limits stated by the manufacturer have been reached.
  • Once a child is at least two (2) years of age or reaches the maximum weight or height limit of their rear-facing car seat, as stated by the manufacturer, they can move into a forward-facing car seat. Once a child reaches the maximum weight or height limit of their forward-facing car seat, they can move into a booster seat.
  • All child passengers are safest when secured in proper restraints based on their age, height and weight and those restraints are used according to vendor and vehicle manufacturer's instructions. 
  • If a child safety seat has been involved in a collision, replace it immediately.

Booster Seats

  • Booster seats help to properly position a seatbelt on a child's body. The shoulder belt should be positioned across the middle of the child’s chest and the lap belt should cross over the child’s hips.
  • Without a booster seat, a child is 3.5 times likely to suffer a significant injury in a collision.
  • Children under the age of 13 are safest in the back seat of a vehicle in proper restraints based on their age, height and weight.

For More information

Visit or contact Enforcement Services at 780-357-8732 or

Last updated: 3/6/2018 8:54:10 AM